Most teachers want a research paper to have these sections, in order:
For every fact or picture in your research paper you should follow it with a citation telling the reader where you found the information. A citation is just the name of the author and the date of the publication placed in parentheses like this: (Author, date). This is called a reference citation when using APA format and parenthetical reference when using the MLA format. Its purpose is to document a source briefly, clearly, and accurately.
Your science fair project question or topic Definitions of all important words, concepts, and equations that describe your experiment The history of similar experiments Answers to your background research questions.
From a practical perspective, the research paper also discusses the techniques and equipment that are appropriate for investigating your topic. Some methods and techniques are more reliable because they have been used many times. Can you use a procedure for your science fair project that is similar to an experiment that has been done before? If you can obtain this information, your project will be more successful. As they say, you don’t want to reinvent the wheel!
This is only a sample, to get your own paper you need to:
Sample: Scientific Paper Writing 1.
When you start your academic paper, you should thoroughly understand what kind of essay you need to complete. If you don’t do this, you will have all chances to write a good essay, but not the one your professor or teacher expects to receive.
If you’ve written one or two scientific papers in the past, you probably have no problems with choosing the right topics and finding the right style for your paper. However, it’s important to once again remind you how important the outline of a scientific paper is. If you look at the scientific paper samples online, you will see that most of them have an outline. However, even if you don’t plan to include this part in your paper, outlining your work can still benefit your writing.
If you are writing a report for your science fair project, not only will you be finding information from published sources, you will also be generating your own data, results, and conclusions. Keep a journal that tracks and records your experiments and results. When writing your report, you can either write out your findings from your experiments or display them using graphs or charts.
A relatively new reference resource has become available with the power of technology – the Internet. While the Internet allows the user to access a wealth of information that is often more up-to-date than printed materials such as books and encyclopedias, there are certainly drawbacks to using it. It can be hard to tell whether or not a site contains factual information or just someone’s opinion. A site can also be dangerous or inappropriate for students to use.
With science fair season coming up as well as many end of the year projects, students are often required to write a research paper or a report on their project. Use this guide to help you in the process from finding a topic to revising and editing your final paper.
Pick a topic within the category that you find interesting. It makes it that much easier to research and write about a topic if it interests you. You may find while researching a topic that the details of the topic are very boring to you. If this is the case, and you have the option to do this, change your topic. Pick a topic that you are already familiar with and research further into that area to build on your current knowledge. When researching topics to do your paper on, look at how much information you are finding. If you are finding very little information on your topic or you are finding an overwhelming amount, you may need to rethink your topic. If permissible, always leave yourself open to changing your topic. While researching for topics, you may come across one that you find really interesting and can use just as well as the previous topics you were searching for. Most importantly, does your research topic fit the guidelines set forth by your teacher or curriculum?
Different scientific papers will require varied goals, so it’s beneficial to check the specific assignment requirements for each paper. However, in general, the discussion should draw conclusions that are supported by the given evidence, present information in a format that demonstrates the major results, clarify what should not be concluded from the results, explain implications and give suggestions for how to use the information. The discussion section enables the writer to frame how others should understand the study in question. It does not need to be lengthy, just enough to provide a full interpretation.
Some common problems in the discussion include overloading the reader with too much information, ignoring “negative” results that do not support the original hypothesis or the conclusion that the writer wants to draw, making statements that are too broad and unspecific, drawing conclusions that are not supported by the given evidence and focusing too much on problems and not solutions. Most of the time, it’s best to stick to the evidence and draw straightforward conclusions, rather than explaining results that the researcher wishes were there, but aren’t actually present.
Science research papers follow a particular structure, including an introduction, review of methods, report on results and discussion of the meaning. This discussion is often considered the conclusion for the paper. This differs from other research papers, which can often include many more sections, such as a literature review or annotated bibliography. Science research papers are typically focused on a specific scientific inquiry, whereas other research papers may only be based on printed material.
All conclusions are meant to summarize the results and implications of a topic under study. This can seem like repetition most of the time, but the discussion is one of the most important parts of a science research paper because it’s where a researcher should interpret results, discuss data, raise unanswered questions, be specific and give recommendations for future studies. In short, the discussion or conclusion section provides the most in-depth analysis of the findings in the study and gives readers a sense for what they should do with the information.
IV. Consider Alternative Explanations of the Findings.
Do not waste time restating your results . Should you need to remind the reader of a finding to be discussed, use “bridge sentences” that relate the result to the interpretation. An example would be: “In the case of determining available housing to single women with children in rural areas of Texas, the findings suggest that access to good schools is important,” then move on to further explaining this finding and its implications. Recommendations for further research can be included in either the discussion or conclusion of your paper, but do not repeat your recommendations in the both sections. Think about the overall narrative flow of your paper to determine where best to locate this information. However, if your findings raise a lot of new questions or issues, consider including suggestions for further research in the discussion section. Do not introduce new results in the discussion section. Be wary of mistaking the reiteration of a specific finding for an interpretation because it may confuse the reader. The description of findings [results] and the interpretation of their significance [discussion] should be distinct sections of your paper. If you choose to combine the results section and the discussion section into a single narrative, you must be clear in how you report the information discovered and your own interpretation of each finding. Use of the first person pronoun is generally acceptable. Using first person can help emphasize a point or illustrate a contrasting finding. However, keep in mind that too much use of the first person can actually distract the reader from the main points [i.e., I know you’re telling me this; just tell me!].